定语从句的引导词有哪些,如何正确使用

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-05-01

定语从句的引导词有关系代词who, whom,which,that, as;关系副词when, where,why;关系形容词whose。关系代词who,whom,whose, which和as能引导非限制性定语从句,而that不能;非限制性定语从句中即使缺宾语,引导词也不能省略;关系副词when,where能引导非限制性定语从句,而why不能。

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1.定语从句中缺主语,修饰人时用who 或that,修饰物时用which 或that引导。

如:Is this the factory which 或that makes TV sets?

2.从句中缺宾语,修饰人时用 who 或whom 或that或省略引导词;修饰物时用which 或that或省略引导词。

如:Gone are the days which 或that we spent together in the village.

3.从句中缺时间状语,用when或介词+which引导。

如:The day finally came when 或on which I was given a job.

4.从句中缺地点状语,用where或介词+which引导。如:

Please put the letter on the desk where 或on which he can easily find it.

5.从句中缺原因状语或先行词是 reason时,引导词用why 或for which 或 that。

如:This is the reason why 或for which 或 that he didn't come to the meeting.

6.从句中缺定语,人和物都用 whose引导。

如:A child whose parents are dead is called an orphan.

7.当先行词是way时,其定语从句的引导词用in which 或that。

如:The way in which 或that he looks at problems is wrong.


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