介词短语在句子中充当什么成分,如何使用?

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-04-22

介词短语在句子中充当表语、状语、定语和补语。

1.介词短语可以用作表语

Mr. Smith is still in bed. 史密斯先生还在睡觉。

He was already in his sixties. 他已经六十多岁了。

Dinner was at one o’lock. 一点钟开午饭。

We are out of food. 我们的食物吃完了。

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2.介词短语可以用作状语

The children are playing by the river. 孩子们在河边玩。

They often talk in Englishafter class. 他们经常在课后用英语交谈。

Let’s go out for a walk along the river. 咱们到江边散散步。

3. 介词短语可以用作定语

The woman in the room is his wife. 房间里的那个女人是他的妻子。

China is a country with a long history. 中国是一个历史悠久的国家。

注意:介词短语作定语时必须置于被修饰名词之后。如:

the people on the bus 公共汽车上的人

the girl in front of me 我前面的女孩

a woman in black 一个穿黑衣的妇女

a book on sports 一本关于运动的书

a boy with red hair 红头发的男孩

a bird in the tree 树上的鸟

4. 介词短语可以用作宾语补足语

We found her in tears. 我们发现她在哭泣。

The cold kept him in bed for three days. 这次感冒让他卧床三天。

注意:当含有宾语补足语的句子变成被动语态后,原来的宾语补足语就变成了主语补足语。如:

She was found in tears.(主语补足语)


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