英语宾语的补语有哪些形式

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-10-29

补语是一种补足主语和宾语的意义的句子成分。补足主语意义的句子成分叫做主语补语,补足宾语意义的句子成分叫做宾语补语。那么宾语的补语有哪些形式呢?

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1.不定式(to do)

例句1:Our father will not allow us to play on the street. 父亲不让我们在街上玩耍。

例句2:We believe him to be guilty. 我们相信他是有罪的。

2.名词

例句1:At the meeting we elected him monitor.在会议上我们选他做班长。

例句2:I name my dog Pit.我叫我的狗Pit。

3.形容词

例句1:What you said made Xiao Wang angry.你所说的使小王很生气。

例句2:I found the classroom empty.我发现教室里空无一人。

4.副词

例句1:Please call the students back at once.请马上回电话给学生。

例句2:He was seen to take his cap off.他脱下他的帽子。

5.现在分词

例句1:We hear him singing in the hall.我们听到他在大厅里唱歌。

例句2:I found him lying in bed and sleeping.我发现他躺在床上,正在睡觉。

6.过去分词

例句1:He saw his face reflected in the water.他看见他的脸映照在水里。

例句2:I heard it spoken of in the next room.我听到有人在隔壁房间里说起这事。


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