动词过去式和过去分词不规则变化情况

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-10-17

过去式,表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态。一般过去式的动词通常用动词原形的过去式形式来表示,而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基础上变化的。动词的过去式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。那么动词过去式和过去分词不规则变化是怎样的呢?

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1.原形-过去式-过去分词全相同

cost—cost—cost价值

cut—cut—cut切,割,砍

hit—hit—hit打

hurt—hurt—hurt伤害

read/ri:d/—read/red/—read/red/读

put—put—put放

let—let—let让

shut—shut—shut关

2.过去分词与原形相同,过去式改o/u为a

become—became—become变得,成为

come—came—come来

run—ran—run跑

3.原形-过去式-过去分词是i-a-u的变化

begin—began—begun开始

drink—drank—drunk喝

ring—rang—rung打电话

sing—sang—sung唱(歌)

swim—swam—swum游泳

4.过去分词在原形后加-en

eat—ate—eaten吃

fall—fell—fallen落下;跌倒

5.过去式和过去分词都去掉原形的一个e

feed—fed—fed喂养,饲养

meet—met—met碰到,见面,会面

6.过去分词在原形后加-n

blow—blew—blown吹

grow—grew—grown种植;生长

throw—threw—thrown投;掷;扔

know—knew—known知道;懂得;认为

draw—drew—drawn画

fly—flew—flown飞

see—saw—seen看见,看到

show—showed—shown出示;给...看

give—gave—given给

drive—drove—driven驾驶

take—took—taken拿去;带去

7.过去分词以-en结尾

bite—bit—bitten咬

ride—rode—ridden骑(车,马等)

write—wrote—written写

hold—held—holden握住

break—broke—broken弄坏,弄破

choose--chose--chosen选择

speak—spoke—spoken讲话;演讲

wake—woke—woken使...醒来;弄醒

forget—forgot—forgotten忘记

get—got—gotten得到

hide—hid—hidden躲,藏

8.过去分词以-ne结尾

do—did—done做,干

go—went—gone去

9.过去式与过去分词都有aught结尾

catch—caught—caught捉住;抓住

teach—taught—taught教

10.过去式和过去分词都以-ought结尾

bring—brought—brought拿来;带来

buy—bought—bought买

fight—fought—fought打架;打仗

think—thought--thought想;认为

seek—sought--sought寻求

11.过去式和过去分词都在原形后加d或t

hear--heard--heard听见;听说

mean--meant--meant意思是

12.过去式和过去分词都以elt,eft或ept结尾

feel—felt—felt感觉

keep—kept—kept保持

sleep—slept—slept睡觉

leave—left—left离开


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