专注中小学英语辅导

英语过去完成时被动语态几种常见用法

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-05-09

过去进行时的被动语态结构是 was /were being +及物动词的过去分词,方法还是主动语句中的宾语变被动语态的主语,动词由主动变被动

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1.表示过去某一时间以前已经完成的动作,常与by, before等引导的时间状语连用。

例句1:How many buildings had been destroyed when the hurricane ended?

例句2:Had the new plan been discussed before the meeting?

2.在 told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词之后的宾语从句中,若表示过去某一被动动作时,用过去完成时。

例句1:The boy was reminded that his homework had not been handed in.

例句2:The media reported more than 1,000 people had been killed in the earthquake.

3.根据语意可以判断出动作先后的被动语态,用过去完成时。

例句1:As the assignment had been done, he went on to search the Internet.

例句2:He did what he had been told to

另:当从句由 after,before,when或 as soon as引导时,主句和从句都可以用一般过去时。

例句1:When he arrived, he called her.

例句2:They locked the door before they left.

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