专注中小学英语辅导

that和which引导的定语从句用法区别

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-05-03

that和which在从句里都可以做宾语和主语,做宾语时可以省略。在定语从句中,有种说法叫"关宾省",意思是关系代词在限制性定语从句中作宾语可以省略,不管是that,which,还是whom。但是which能引导非限制性定语从句,that则不行。

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1.先行词是人,用that/who/whom引导从句;不能用which:

如:He that/who fears death lives not.贪生怕死死的快。

2.先行词是物,which和that都可以用:

如:She has a small office which is used for private discussions.她有一间小办公室,用来私人会谈。

3.先行词是代词,用that/who不用which:

如:Is there anything else that you'd like?还再要点其他的吗?

4.先行词前有以下限定词,更多用that:

much, little, none, all, few, every, any, no;the very, the only, the same;形容词最高级或序数词

如:The best book that I read this year was 'The Da Vinci Code.'我今年读的最好的书是《达芬奇密码》

5.可以用介词加which,不能用介词加that:

如:Your metabolic rate is the speed at which your body transforms food into energy.新陈代谢的速度是你的身体将食物转化为能量的速度。

6.非限制性定语从句里,用which不用that:

如:The wisdom of nations lies in their proverbs, which are brief and pithy.民族之智慧蕴藏于其简短而有力的谚语中。

7.如果先行词在从句中做宾语,that/who/whom/which都可以省略:

如:The cell is the unit (that/which) all living organisms are composed of.细胞是构成所有生物的单位。


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