专注中小学英语辅导

which引导的定语从句有哪几种?

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-05-03

which引导的定语从句在英语语法中,尤其是在定语从句中是比较常见的,经常在做题或者阅读过程中会遇到。那么which引导的定语从句有哪几种呢?下面我们来总结一下:

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1.表达主从句因果关系

如:A Jew. Albert Einstein had to flee Germany. Which then was ruled by Hitler

爱因斯坦只得逃离德国,因为当时的德国是在希特勒的统治之下)

2.表达主从句目的关系

如:The Southern States set up a separate state of their own, in which they would be free to keep Negroes as slaves

南方各州却反叛建立一个独立王国,以便好继续维持奴隶制度

3.表达主从句让步关系

如:He gave up his cause in which he had been very successful and joined in our project

他的事业尽管干得很出色,他还是放弃了,加入到我们的课题研究中来

4.表达主句动作产生的结果

如:European football is played in 80 countries, which makes it the most Popular sport in the world

欧式足球有30个国家在踢,因之成为全世界最流行的一项体育运动

5.表示主从句条件关系

如:The past experience, which is not forgotten, is the guide for the future

前事不忘,可为后事之师

6.表示主从句时间关系

如:He was born on October 1,1949, which saw the foundation of the People’s Republic of China

他出身在一九四九年十月一日,恰好是中华人民共和国成立的那一天

7.对主句内容作补充说明

如:Inspite of his glorious past, he has fallen into the people’s enemy at last, which is a good lesson for all of us

尽管有着辉煌的过去,他最终还是堕落为人民的敌人,这对我们大家是个很好的教训

如:The sentence was announced on Nov. 8 following trials, which started in Sept.

审判于九月开始.多次审判后,判刑才于十一月八日宣布

8.用于主从句对比关系

如:He idled away his youth which he should have spent in leaning

他的青春年华本应用于增长才干,而他却虚度过去了

9.用于表示世界上独一无二的人或事物;或当事人认为是独一无二的事物

如:All the books here, which have beautiful pictures in them, were written by him

这里所有的书都是他写的,里面都有精美的插画

10.表示与主句或先行词的同位关系

如:The speed of sound in air at ordinary temperature is about 1,100 feet per second, which is about 700 miles per hour

常温下声在空气中的速度是大约每秒1,100英尺,即大约是小时传播700英里远.

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