专注中小学英语辅导

初中英语语法之三种从句的用法

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-03-27

在初中阶段,不仅英语的单词量在逐渐增加,而且它的语法难度也是快速提升,很多孩子都说被语法折磨的非常痛苦。今天就让我们来总结学习一下,初中英语语法之三种从句的用法

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1.宾语从句

在复合句中,由一个句子充当宾语,这个句子叫做宾语从句。宾语从句主要有三种类型,分别是that引导的宾语从句、if或whether引导的宾从、连接代词和连接副词引导的宾语从句。 常见的宾语从句引导词:that、if、whether、what、who、where、why和how。

示例:I am sad that you refused me. 我很难过你拒绝了我。

2.定语从句

定语从句在中考和高考中出现的频率都非常高。在复合句中,修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句一般放在先行词的后面。常见的关系代词包括that,which,who(宾格whom,所有格whose),as 等,关系副词包括where,when,why等。

示例:Lily likes music that is quiet and gentle. 玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。

3.状语从句

状语从句就是由一个句子在复合句中充当状语。所以状语从句又可以分为时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句等等。每种状语从句都有特定的引导词:

(1)地点状语从句:where,wherever

(2)时间状语从句:when, while, as, before, until, till, since

(3)原因状语从句:because, since,as, now that, not that…, but that…, seeing that, considering that, in that

(4)目的状语从句:so, so that, in order that, that, to the end that, in case,for fear that,lest

(5)结果状语从句:so...that, such that, so that, with the result that

(6)条件状语从句:if,unless,if only,only if,in case,suppose/supposing(that),provided/providing(that),on condition that,so/as long as

(7)方式状语从句:as, as if, as though

(8)让步状语从句:though, although, as, even if, even though, whether, no matter whether...or, no matter with

(9)比较状语从句:as...as, not as/so...as, than, the more...the more...


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