专注中小学英语辅导

初中英语语法中动词分类和应用

分类:中学教育 时间:2020-03-27

初中英语与高中英语不同,它要求掌握的最主要是语法。而平时在考试中,也只会靠平时所教过的语法,很少会涉及到课外的其他知识,所以,想要学好初中英语,就需要牢牢掌握各个语法知识点,而动词部分是初中英语一大非常重要的考点。

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一、只接不定式(不能接动名词)作宾语的25个常用动词

1.want to do sth. 想要做某事

I want to buy a new computer this afternoon.

我想今天下午买台新电脑。

2.would like to do sth. 想要做某事

I would like to invite you to come to my birthday party this Saturday.

我想邀请你这周六来我的聚会。

3.wish to do sth. 希望做某事

I wish to live on the moon one day.

我希望有一天在月球上生活。

4.help(to)do sth. 帮助做某事

I often help(to)do some chores at home.

我在家经常帮着做家务。

5.hope to do sth. 希望做某事

I hope to have a good rest this weekend.

我希望这周末好好休息一下。

6.learn to do sth. 学会做某事

He finally learned to play the piano with the help of the teacher.

在老师的帮助下,他最终学会了弹钢琴。

7.manage to do sth. 设法做成某事

They managed to escape the fire yesterday.

昨天他们设法逃脱了火灾。

8.offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

Never offer to teach fish to swim.

别在强人面前逞能。

9.plan to do sth. 计划做某事

He plans to travel around the world.

他计划要周游世界。

10.afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事(时间或金钱方面)

We can’t afford to go abroad this summer.

今年夏天我们没有足够的钱出国。

二、只接动名词(不能接不定式)作宾语的28个常用动词

1.practice doing sth.练习做某事

I practice playing the piano twice a week.

我每周练习两次弹钢琴。

2.consider doing sth.考虑做某事

I consider waiting a bit longer before I give up.

我考虑放弃之前再等待一段时间。

3.enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事

I enjoy playing basketball.

我喜欢打篮球。

4.finish doing sth.完成做某事

Let's finish doing the work together.

让我们一起完成工作吧。

5.give up doing sth.放弃做某事

My father hasgiven up smoking.

我爸爸已经戒烟了。

6.imagine doing sth.想象做某事

I can't imagine marrying such a woman.

我不能想象娶了这样一个女人。

7.keep doing sth.一直做某事

I kept studying English for 1 hour yesterday evening.

昨天晚上,我一直学了1小时英语。

8.put off doing sth. 推迟做某事

Sometimes students put off doing their homework until the last minute.

有时学生们会拖延到最后一分钟才做作业。

9.risk doing sth.冒险做某事

To win the gamble,he risked losing 100 dollars.

为了赢这场赌局,他冒了失去100美元的风险。

10.suggest doing sth.建议做某事

I suggest traveling abroad next month.

我建议下个月出国旅行。

三、既可接不定式也可接动名词,但含义完全不同的8个动词

1.remember to do sth. 记住要做某事(未做)

remember doing sth. 记得做过某事(已做)

2.forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事(未做)

forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事(已做)

3.regret to do sth. 遗憾要做某事(未做)

regret doing sth. 后悔/抱歉做过某事(已做)

4. try to do sth. 努力做某事

try doing sth. 尝试做某事

5. mean to do sth. 计划做某事

mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

6. can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事

can’t help doing sth. 情不自禁做某事

7. go on to do sth. 继续做另一件事

8. stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事

stop doing sth. 停下正在做的事情

四、接不定式作宾补的15个常用动词

1.advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

2.allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

3.ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事

4.bear sb. to do sth.忍耐某人做某事

5.beg sb. to do sth.恳求某人做某事

6.cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事

7.command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

8.drive sb. to do sth.驱使某人做某事

9.elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事

10.encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓舞某人做某事

11.expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事

12.forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事

13.force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

14.get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事

15.hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌/厌恶某人做某事

五、可接动词原形做宾补的11个动词

1.see sb. do sth.看到某人做了某事

2.watch sb. do sth. 观看某人做了某事

3.notice sb. do sth.注意到某人做了某事

4.observe sb. do sth.观察到某人做了某事

5.look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做了某事

6.hear sb. do sth. 听到某人做了某事

7.listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做了某事

8.makesb. do sth. 使某人做某事

9.letsb. do sth. 让某人做某事

10.havesb. do sth. 使某人做某事

11.feelsb. do sth. 感觉某人做了某事


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